Dog Articles

Bloody Urine in Cats and Dogs

Common Causes

More common causes are listed first; less common causes are listed later.

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Changes in Thirst or Urine Output in Cats and Dogs

Marked changes in an animal’s water consumption or urine output have many causes. Chronic or long-term changes in thirst or urinary habits may be indicative of serious disease.

Causes of Increased Water Consumption or Urine Output

More common causes are listed first. Less common causes are listed later.

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Coughing in Dogs

Healthy dogs occasionally cough due to transient irritation from environmental contaminants such as dust or fumes.  However, persistent coughing at a higher than normal frequency has many potential causes.

Common Causes

More common causes are listed first.  Less common causes are listed later.

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Doxycycline (Vibramycin®)

Overview

Doxycycline is an antibiotic related to tetracycline.   It is effective against a variety of organisms, and is often used to treat bacterial infections. It is the antibiotic of choice for many diseases (such as Lyme disease) that are spread by ticks and some diseases caused by organisms known as Mycoplasma.  It is commonly employed in the treatment of respiratory infections and fever of unknown origin in cats.

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Lactulose

Overview

Lactulose is a very effective laxative that is commonly used in veterinary medicine.   It is frequently used in the treatment and prevention of constipation in pets.

Lactulose also is used to treat some types of liver disease. 

Form

Lactulose is available as a liquid suspension for oral administration.  Lactulose may be administered as an enema by veterinarians.

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Dental Disease (Periodontal Disease) in Cats and Dogs

Animals affected

Adult cats and dogs

Overview

Dental disease is by far the most common major health problem of cats and dogs. Despite its name, dental disease does not merely affect the teeth and mouth. Dental disease impacts the entire body, with serious consequences for health, longevity, and well-being.

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Scratching or Licking the Skin (Itching) in Cats and Dogs

Scratching and licking the skin generally have similar causes. Excessively licking the skin is a way of scratching the skin. Skin irritation leading to itching is responsible for most instances of excessive licking and scratching.

A certain level of scratching or licking is considered normal in all animals. Also, both cats and dogs groom themselves with their tongues. Therefore, it is important to determine whether your pet is scratching or licking excessively, or whether he or she is engaging in normal behavior.

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Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes) in Dogs

Animals Affected

Dogs

Overview

Diabetes mellitus (known simply as diabetes) is a serious disease of dogs.  The main characteristic of diabetes is an inability to control the level of sugar in the blood.  This leads to chronically high blood sugar levels, which in turn lead to the symptoms of the disease.

Management of diabetes in dogs is challenging but possible.   With proper treatment, many diabetic dogs lead essentially normal lives.  However, without treatment the disease inevitably leads to serious complications.

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Drooling or Foaming at the Mouth in Cats and Dogs

Foaming at the mouth and drooling have similar causes.  Most cases of foaming or frothing at the mouth simply involve drooling combined with panting (cats, dogs) or rapid breathing.  Drooling is also known as hypersalivation.

Common Causes

More common causes are listed first.  Less common causes are listed later.

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Marijuana Intoxication in Cats and Dogs

Animals Affected

Primarily dogs; rarely cats

Overview

Marijuana intoxication may occur in pets that have access to marijuana plants, dried portions of the plants, or foodstuffs containing marijuana.

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