Dog Articles, Diseases

Separation Anxiety in Dogs

Animals Affected

Dogs of any age or breed.

Overview

Separation anxiety is a common and frustrating syndrome in dogs.  Dogs suffering from the syndrome show symptoms of fear or agitation when the owner is absent.  Treatment of separation anxiety is challenging, and may involve medications as well as behavioral modification tactics.

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Demodex (Puppy Mange) in Dogs

Animals Affected

Dogs and puppies

Overview

Puppy mange, also known as demodectic mange, is caused by a skin parasite called Demodex.  Demodex is a type of mite.

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Soft Tissue Trauma (Sprains, Strains, and Pulled Muscles) in Cats and Dogs

Animals affected

Cats and dogs.

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Dietary Indiscretion (Garbage Gut) in Dogs

Animals Affected

Dogs

Overview

Dietary indiscretion describes gastrointestinal upset that occurs when a dog ingests something that its body cannot tolerate.  Consumption of table scraps, garbage, or spoiled food may results in symptoms of diarrhea, vomiting, lack of appetite, and weakness in dogs. The syndrome is similar to food poisoning in humans.

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Urinary Tract Infections (Bladder Infections) in Cats and Dogs

Animals Affected

Cats and dogs of both genders.

Overview

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Ear Mites in Cats and Dogs

Animals Affected

Cats, dogs, puppies, and kittens.

Overview

Ear mites are parasitic organisms that infest pets.  They may cause intense irritation and itching in the ears, accompanied by production of large amounts of ear wax.

Ear mites are a leading cause of ear problems in kittens and cats.  They can infest dogs and puppies as well, but are a less frequent cause of problems in this species.

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Acral Lick Dermatitis and Lick Granulomas in Dogs

Animals Affected

Dogs

Overview

Acral lick is a syndrome in which dogs excessively groom the skin at the junction of the leg and the foot. This can result in trauma and irritation to the skin, known as dermatitis. As the process continues, a fleshy pink mass known as a granuloma may develop at the site.

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Foxtails (Grass Awns) in Cats and Dogs

Animals Affected

Dogs and cats

Overview

Foxtails, or grass awns, are arrow-shaped stickers that are produced by some types of grasses that have gone to seed.  Foxtails carry grass seeds.  They evolved to embed in the skin and be spread by animals.

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Ear Hematomas (Aural Hematomas) in Dogs and Cats

Animals Affected

Primarily dogs; occasionally cats

Overview

Aural hematomas occur when blood accumulates underneath the skin in the external portion of the ear.  A noticeably swollen area develops on the ear.  The area is often painful or irritating to the pet.

Aural hematomas develop when trauma occurs to the ear.  Direct trauma or chronic, violent head shaking can break blood vessels in the ear.  Broken blood vessels allow blood to accumulate under the skin, forming a hematoma.

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Fever of Unknown Origin in Cats and Dogs

Animals Affected

Cats and dogs

Overview

Fever of unknown origin is a common syndrome in cats and dogs.  Affected animals experience an elevated body temperature, usually accompanied by lethargy, weakness, and lack of appetite.

As the name implies, the cause of fever of unknown origin is not determined in most cases.  However, most pets with the syndrome are treated for bacterial infections.  This treatment usually is successful.

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