Dog Articles, Diseases

Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes) in Dogs

Animals Affected

Dogs

Overview

Diabetes mellitus (known simply as diabetes) is a serious disease of dogs.  The main characteristic of diabetes is an inability to control the level of sugar in the blood.  This leads to chronically high blood sugar levels, which in turn lead to the symptoms of the disease.

Management of diabetes in dogs is challenging but possible.   With proper treatment, many diabetic dogs lead essentially normal lives.  However, without treatment the disease inevitably leads to serious complications.

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Damaged, Torn, or Broken Toenails in Dogs

Animals Affected

Dogs

Overview

Damaged toenails are very common, especially in active dogs.  Most nail injuries occur as a result of a nail catching or snagging on plant matter, carpet, or other material while the dog is running.

Damaged toenails are extremely painful at the moment of injury.  In many cases, pain will persist until the damaged portion of the nail is removed by a veterinarian.   However, the vast majority of dogs with injured nails make complete recoveries.

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Heart Disease in Dogs

Animals Affected

Dogs

Overview

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart is unable to circulate blood throughout the body in a normal fashion.  In dogs, two types of heart disease may lead to heart failure. The most common type of heart disease in dogs is caused by a malfunctioning (or leaky) valve in the heart.    Another form of heart disease, called cardiomyopathy, is caused by a defect in the muscles of the heart.  Although these two syndromes develop in different fashions, both often lead to the same result: heart failure.

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Kennel Cough (Infectious Tracheobronchitis) in Dogs

Animals Affected

Dogs

Overview

Kennel cough, also known as infectious tracheobronchitis (ITB), is a contagious disease of dogs.   A large number of organisms are believed to play a role in the syndrome. Kennel cough most often is caused by simultaneous infection with a mild respiratory virus (there are many such viruses) in combination with a bacteria called Bordetella bronchiseptica. The infection usually is limited to the windpipe (trachea) and major air passages in the lungs.

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Dental Disease (Periodontal Disease) in Cats and Dogs

Animals affected

Adult cats and dogs

Overview

Dental disease is by far the most common major health problem of cats and dogs. Despite its name, dental disease does not merely affect the teeth and mouth. Dental disease impacts the entire body, with serious consequences for health, longevity, and well-being.

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Obesity in Dogs

Animals Affected

Dogs

Overview

Obesity is a syndrome in which the amount of excess body fat an individual carries is great enough to cause harm to health and well-being.  Obesity is a debilitating syndrome that is linked to a number of serious health consequences for dogs.

A number of factors play a role in the development of obesity in dogs.  However, the root cause of obesity is the consumption of more calories than the body needs.

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Marijuana Intoxication in Cats and Dogs

Animals Affected

Primarily dogs; rarely cats

Overview

Marijuana intoxication may occur in pets that have access to marijuana plants, dried portions of the plants, or foodstuffs containing marijuana.

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Ear Infections in Cats and Dogs

Animals affected

Cats and dogs of any age.

Overview

Ear infections are common and painful problems for pets. In cats and dogs, ear infections typically are opportunistic and not contagious. They often occur when the ear’s immune system is disrupted by allergies, moisture, poor air circulation, or diseases such as feline AIDS. Under these conditions, bacteria and yeast that normally live harmlessly in the ear are able to proliferate to the point of infection.

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Carsickness in Cats and Dogs

Animals Affected

Cats and dogs.

Overview

Carsickness is a common problem in cats and dogs.  Pets suffering from carsickness show symptoms including salivation, vomiting, and diarrhea.  Two factors play a role in carsickness.  The first is true motion sickness.  The second is anxiety or stress related to being in a car.

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Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)

Overview

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