Cat Articles

Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes) in Cats

Animals Affected

Cats of any breed, usually middle-aged.

Overview

Diabetes mellitus (known simply as diabetes) is a common and serious disease of cats. The main characteristic of diabetes is an inability to control the level of sugar in the blood. This leads to chronically high blood sugar levels, which in turn lead to the symptoms of the disease.

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Changes in Thirst or Urine Output in Cats and Dogs

Marked changes in an animal’s water consumption or urine output have many causes. Chronic or long-term changes in thirst or urinary habits may be indicative of serious disease.

Causes of Increased Water Consumption or Urine Output

More common causes are listed first. Less common causes are listed later.

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Carsickness in Cats and Dogs

Animals Affected

Cats and dogs.

Overview

Carsickness is a common problem in cats and dogs.  Pets suffering from carsickness show symptoms including salivation, vomiting, and diarrhea.  Two factors play a role in carsickness.  The first is true motion sickness.  The second is anxiety or stress related to being in a car.

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Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV in Cats)

Animals Affected

Cats

Overview

Feline leukemia virus, or FeLV, is a virus that infects cats.   It is related to FIV and HIV, the virus that causes human AIDS.  There is no evidence that FeLV can infect humans.

FeLV does not sicken every cat that is infected with it.   However, some cats that are infected with FeLV suffer suppression of the immune system or develop cancers.   These cats often die from the virus.

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Rodenticide (Mouse or Rat Poison) Toxicity in Cats and Dogs

Animals Affected

Primarily dogs; occasionally cats

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Diarrhea in Cats and Dogs

Diarrhea is an extremely common problem in both cats and dogs. Mild, transient diarrhea rarely is a cause for concern. Severe or chronic diarrhea is often caused by major medical conditions, and can be damaging to a pet’s health in its own right.

Common Causes

More common causes are listed first. Less common causes are listed later.

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Scratching or Licking the Skin (Itching) in Cats and Dogs

Scratching and licking the skin generally have similar causes. Excessively licking the skin is a way of scratching the skin. Skin irritation leading to itching is responsible for most instances of excessive licking and scratching.

A certain level of scratching or licking is considered normal in all animals. Also, both cats and dogs groom themselves with their tongues. Therefore, it is important to determine whether your pet is scratching or licking excessively, or whether he or she is engaging in normal behavior.

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Cephalosporin Antibiotics

Overview

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FIP (Feline Infectious Peritonitis)

Animals Affected

Cats

Overview

Feline infectious peritonitis, or FIP, is a poorly understood and extremely dangerous disease of cats.  The disease is resistant to treatment and very difficult to diagnose. Almost all cats that contract FIP die from the disease.

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Over-grooming (Psychogenic Alopecia) in Cats

Animals Affected

Cats

Overview

Psychogenic alopecia is a syndrome in which cats excessively groom their hair and skin. This results in hair loss and baldness that usually starts on the abdomen and progress up the rear of the body.

A synonym for psychogenic alopecia is psychological baldness.  As this name implies, the syndrome is believed to have a psychological or behavioral basis.

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