Cat Articles

Limping in Cats and Dogs

Common Causes

More common causes are listed first.  Less common causes are listed later.

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Antihistamines

Overview

Antihistamines such as hydroxyzine (Atarax®), diphenhydramine (Benadryl®), and chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton®) are used in veterinary medicine primarily to treat allergies that cause skin problems. Less often, they are prescribed to prevent carsickness, to treat severe allergic reactions to insect bites or stings, or as sedatives.

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Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics

Overview

Fluoroquinolones are powerful antibiotics that are commonly prescribed for pets.  They are used to treat infections of the skin, bladder, ears, kidneys, lungs (pneumonia), and prostate. Fluoroquinolones are prescribed many other types of infections as well.

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Lactulose

Overview

Lactulose is a very effective laxative that is commonly used in veterinary medicine.   It is frequently used in the treatment and prevention of constipation in pets.

Lactulose also is used to treat some types of liver disease. 

Form

Lactulose is available as a liquid suspension for oral administration.  Lactulose may be administered as an enema by veterinarians.

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Methimazole (Tapazole®)

Overview

Methimazole is used to treat hyperthyroidism in cats. It works by blocking the thyroid gland from making thyroid hormone. The effect is temporary.  Most cats with hyperthyroidism require lifelong treatment with methimazole unless other, permanent treatment options are pursued. More details on these options are available on the page entitled Hyperthyroidism in Cats.

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Ear Hematomas (Aural Hematomas) in Dogs and Cats

Animals Affected

Primarily dogs; occasionally cats

Overview

Aural hematomas occur when blood accumulates underneath the skin in the external portion of the ear.  A noticeably swollen area develops on the ear.  The area is often painful or irritating to the pet.

Aural hematomas develop when trauma occurs to the ear.  Direct trauma or chronic, violent head shaking can break blood vessels in the ear.  Broken blood vessels allow blood to accumulate under the skin, forming a hematoma.

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Coughing in Cats

Healthy cats occasionally cough due to transient irritation of the respiratory system from environmental contaminants such as dust or fumes.  Persistent coughing at a higher than normal frequency has many potential causes.

Common Causes

More common causes are listed first.   Less common causes are listed later.

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Marijuana Intoxication in Cats and Dogs

Animals Affected

Primarily dogs; rarely cats

Overview

Marijuana intoxication may occur in pets that have access to marijuana plants, dried portions of the plants, or foodstuffs containing marijuana.

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Behavior Modification for Urinating Outside of the Litter Box

Urinating outside of the litter box, also known as house soiling, is one of the most frustrating problems a cat owner can face.  Unfortunately, it is also a very common issue.

 

Urinating outside of the box can be caused by medical conditions or behavioral issues.  This article is dedicated to treatment of house soiling as a behavioral problem.

 

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Pain in Cats and Dogs

Animals Affected

All animals, regardless of species or age, experience pain.

Overview

Animals feel pain under the same circumstances as people. Anything that would cause pain in a person will cause pain in pets.

Symptoms

Symptoms of pain differ among species.

Cats:

Cats instinctively hide pain. Therefore, signs of pain in cats are usually subtle. A cat in pain may:

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